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Supporting Infrastructure

South Africa has the longest road network in Africa extending in all directions. The network not only covers the whole country, but also connects with the neighboring countries, making the travel very convenient. The total travel distance is up to 754,000 km.

[Railway] The railway network and road network in South Africa supplement each other, forming  a complete land transport system. The railway connects with Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia and Malawi and other countries,with a total distance of 34,000 kilometers,ranking the tenth in the world and accounting for 35% of the total railway distance in African. 95% of the railway is used for freight under the control of Transnet.

[Air Transportation] The air transport in South Africa is relatively developed, with 10 existing major airports located in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, Bloemfontein, Port Elizabeth and other major cities respectively. South African Airways is the largest airline in Africa.
[Water transport] South Africa has the largest, best-equipped and most effcient sea transportation network in Africa. 96% of its exports are done through sea transportation. It is main ports include Richards Bay, Durban, East London, Port Elizabeth, Nqqura, Mossel Bay, Cape Town and Sardania Bay, which are under the management of  National Ports Authority under Transnet.

[Communication] South African has a comparatively development telecommunication system and datamation has basically been achieved in its telecommunications network, with  data microwave and fiber optic cable as its major transmission medium. Users of Internet have exceeded 8.5 million, and the number is expected to exceed 10 million by the end of 2012. The postal services is monopolized by South African Post Office with advanced postal network and the business basically scope covering the whole country.

[Electric Power] South Africa is a top country in producing electricity power in Africa and supplies 2/3 of the electrical power all over Africa. There are 13 coal-fired heat power stations generating 88% of the total power. 1 nuclear power station, 2 pumped storage Can power station, 6 hydropower stations and 2 oil-fired power stations. In 2008, the electricity  generated over the whole year was about 238.3 billion kilowatts. more than 95% of which was supplied by South Africa electricity public utility(Eskom). However, with the continuous development of the economy, the problem of electricity shortage in South Africa is becoming more and more obvious and serious.